There is a belief among many Christians that the "Law of God" and the "Law of Moses" are two different things. Many believe that the "Law of God" only includes the Ten Commandments. On top of this, many people believe that the "Law of Christ" is something different from these. The purpose of this article is to prove that these three Laws are all actually one and the same legal code.
"Now all the people gathered together as one man in the open square that was in front of the Water Gate; and they told Ezra the scribe to bring the Book of the Law of Moses, which the Lord had commanded Israel. 2 So Ezra the priest brought the Law before the assembly of men and women and all who could hear with understanding on the first day of the seventh month. 3 Then he read from it in the open square that was in front of the Water Gate from morning until midday, before the men and women and those who could understand; and the ears of all the people were attentive to the Book of the Law. 4 So Ezra the scribe stood on a platform of wood which they had made for the purpose... 5 And Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people, for he was standing above all the people; and when he opened it, all the people stood up. 6 And Ezra blessed the Lord, the great God. Then all the people answered, “Amen, Amen!” while lifting up their hands. And they bowed their heads and worshiped the Lord with their faces to the ground. 7 Also Jeshua, Bani, Sherebiah, Jamin, Akkub, Shabbethai, Hodijah, Maaseiah, Kelita, Azariah, Jozabad, Hanan, Pelaiah, and the Levites, helped the people to understand the Law; and the people stood in their place. 8 So they read distinctly from the book, in the Law of God; and they gave the sense, and helped them to understand the reading."
So, Ezra brought out "the Book of the Law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded Israel." Here, it is very clear that the Law of Moses and the Law of God are the same thing. In fact, it says that Moses received the Law from God. In verse 2 it refers to it simply as "the Law". In verse 3 it says that Ezra read the Law in public all day long - "from morning until midday." It takes literally maybe 60 seconds to read the Ten Commandments. However, it takes several hours to read the entire Torah (Law of Moses). Thus, we know that Ezra was reading from the "the Law of Moses, which the LORD had commanded Israel." Later in verse 3, it refers to the Law as "the Book of the Law." in verse 5 it calls it simply "the book." Lastly, in verse 8, it is referred to as "the book, in the Law of God."
"Nor do they light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. 16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven. 17 “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. 18 For assuredly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled.19 Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven."
Here, Jesus speaks a metaphor. He says to "let your light shine" - to do good works in public to inspire people to worship God. Did Jesus invent this metaphor? Actually, no he didn't. Jesus knew the scriptures and it says in Proverbs 6:23 " For the commandment is a lamp and the law a light." The Law shines forth from the commandments. Can the light of a fire be separated from its flame? No. The two are actually one. Likewise, the "commandment," the "Law," and the "good works" are one in the same. Jesus instructs us to let our light (good works, the commandments, the Law) to shine forth. We know this is true because he then goes on to say that the Law is not abolished. Did Jesus contradict Ezra and Nehemiah? Of course not. Jesus himself said "My message is not my own; it comes from God who sent me" (John 7:16, NLT). If Jesus' message came from God, and if the Law of Moses is called the Law of God, and if Jesus told us to do the Law, then we can easily and naturally conclude that Jesus is speaking of the Law of Moses in Matthew 5:15-19.
" I give you good doctrine: Do not forsake my law" (Proverbs 4:2)
"Jesus answered them and said, “My doctrine is not Mine, but His who sent Me. 17 If anyone wills to do His will, he shall know concerning the doctrine, whether it is from God or whether I speak on My own authority" (John 7:16-17).
"All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work" (2 Timothy 3:16-17).
All scripture is given by inspiration of God and all scripture is profitable for doctrine. When it says "all scripture," this includes the Law of Moses. Solomon said that the Law was "good doctrine" and Jesus said that his doctrine came straight from the Father Himself. Perhaps we're beating a dead horse at this point. The Law of God = Law of Moses = Law of Christ.